Cephalopods

Cuttle Fish

Trade Name Cuttle Fish
Scientific Name Sepia spp.
French Seche
Japanese Ko-ika
Spanish Jibia
Gear Used Trawl Net
Peak Season September to January
Distribution West and East coast of India
Areas of abundance Palk Bay, Gulf of Mannar and coasts of Maharastra and Kerala

Squid

Trade Name Squid
Scientific Name Loligo duvaucelii
French Calmar
Japanese Ika
Spanish Calamar
Gear Used Trawl net
Peak Season January to March
Distribution East coast and west coast of India
Areas of abundance Gujarat, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh coasts

Squid

Trade Name Squid
Scientific Name Doryteuthiis sibogae
French Calmar
Japanese Ika
Spanish Calamar
Gear Used Trawl net
Peak Season April to May and August to December
Distribution East and west coasts of India
Areas of abundance Kerala Coast

Octopus

Trade Name Octopus
Scientific Name Octopus spp.
French Poulpe
Japanese Ma-dako tako
Spanish Pulpo
Gear Used Octopus pot and Trawl net
Peak Season September to January
Distribution West and East coasts of India and off Lakshadweep
Areas of abundance Off Lakshadweep coast

 

Bivales

Green mussel

Trade Name Green mussel
Scientific Name Perna viridis
Japanese Igai
Spanish Mejillon
Gear Used Hand picking
Peak Season July to November
Distribution East and West coasts of India and off Port Blair
Areas of abundance Coasts of Kerala , Karnataka, Ratnagiri, Gulf of Kutch and Kakinada Bay

Clam

Trade Name Clam
Scientific Name Meretrix meretrix
French Clam
Japanese Nimaigai
Spanish Almeja
Gear Used Hand picking
Peak Season July to November
Distribution West and East coasts of India
Areas of abundance Along the coasts of Kerala, Karnataka, Goa , Maharashtra and Kakinada Bay

Clam

Trade Name Clam
Scientific Name Vellorita cyprinoides
French clam
Japanese Nimaigai
Spanish Almeja
Gear Used Hand picking
Peak Season July to November
Distribution West coast of India
Areas of abundance Kerala, Karnataka and Goa coasts

Clam

Trade Name Clam
Scientific Name Katelysia opima
French Clam
Japanese Nimaigai
Spanish Almeja
Gear Used Hand picking
Peak Season July to November
Distribution West and South-East coasts of India
Areas of abundance Coasts of Kerala, Karnataka, Goa and Maharashtra

Blood clam

Trade Name Blood clam
Scientific Name Anadara granosa
French Arche
Japanese Akagai
Spanish Pepitona
Gear Used Hand picking.
Peak Season July to October
Distribution South-East coasts of India
Areas of abundance Kakinada Bay in Andhra Pradesh

Oyster

Trade Name Oyster
Scientific Name Crassostrea madrasensis
French Huitre
Japanese Kaki
Spanish Ostra
Gear Used Hand picking
Peak Season August to February
Distribution South-West and South-East coasts of India
Areas of abundance Along Tamil Nadu coast

Pearl oyster

Trade Name Pearl oyster
Scientific Name Pinctada spp.
Japanese Akoyagai
Spanish Madreperla
Gear Used Hand picking
Peak Season Throughout the year except monsoon season
Distribution South-East coasts of India
Areas of abundance Gulf of Mannar

Chank

Trade Name Chank
Scientific Name Xancus pyrum
Gear Used Hand picking
Peak Season March to June and September to December
Distribution South East coast of India
Areas of abundance Gulf of Mannar, Palk bay (Tamil Nadu coast) and Gulf of Kutch

Chank

Trade Name Chank
Scientific Name Xancus pyrum
Gear Used Hand picking
Peak Season March to June and September to December
Distribution South East coast of India
Areas of abundance Gulf of Mannar, Palk bay (Tamil Nadu coast) and Gulf of Kutch

 

Gastropoda

Giant African snail

Trade Name Giant African snail
Scientific Name Achatina fulica
Gear Used Hand picking
Peak Season Post monsoon period (June to October)
Distribution Andaman and Nicobar Islands
Areas of abundance Andaman and Nicobar Islands and West Bengal